Frequently Asked Questions
Female reproductive system consists of the uterus, a pair of ovaries and a fallopian tube. The ovaries manufacture many follicles in a month. One dominant follicle matures and ovulates.
Ovarian cyst causes are :
- Ovulation: A follicle develops on the ovary each month throughout the menstrual cycle. Hormone estrogen is secreted by the follicles of the ovary. The egg is released from the follicle after maturity. This is the ovulation process.
- Medicines: Use of fertility medications can also lead to the formation of multiple cysts in ovaries.
- Pelvic diseases: Pelvic infections due to Chlamydia can also form a cyst or abscess.
The various types of ovarian cysts include:
- Functional ovarian cyst
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Most of the cysts do not cause any discomfort and remain asymptomatic but some may show features such as;
- Pain in abdomen: An ovarian cyst causes pain if the cyst becomes enlarged, bleeds, ruptures, disrupts the blood supply to the ovary or due to torsion of the ovary.
- If the cyst breaks open, you may experience nausea and vomiting.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- Urge to pee frequently.
- Back pain.
To get relief from the symptoms, you must include:
- High-fiber foods
- Omega-3 foods
- Indole-3-carbinol foods
- Protein rich foods
- You must avoid these foods if you have ovarian cyst
The to serious complications of ovarian cyst are:
Ovarian torsion: The cyst forces the ovary to twist resulting in cut off of the blood supply to the ovaries. You will encounter severe abdominal pain with vomiting.
Rupture of cysts: The cyst suddenly ruptures due to over enlargement, exercise or during sexual intercourse.
Hemorrhage: Most of the cysts are uncomplicated with stable vital signs. But due to significant blood loss, there will be hemodynamic instability that will require urgent hospital admission and surgical intervention.
Fertility issues: Usually small ovarian cysts do not affect fertility. Small ovarian cysts will vanish on their own.