Vitamin C and its significance
What is vitamin C ?
Ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, is a crucial substance that keeps our bodies healthy. It is essential for various cellular functions, including immune system function.
Despite being frequently linked to its function in preventing and treating the common cold, vitamin C has many other advantages. According to research, vitamin C may also help prevent the development of chronic diseases.
The numerous uses and advantages of vitamin C will be discussed in this article, along with any possible side effects from deficiency and excessive consumption.
Role in the body
It has several significant functions in the organism. The following are some of the primary purposes of vitamin C:
- Collagen, a protein in connective structures all over the body, is produced only when vitamin C is present in the body. Skin, bones, ligaments, and cartilage need collagen to remain healthy and durable.
- In the body, it is an anti-oxidant to shield cells from injury from dangerous molecules known as free radicals. This aids in preventing long-term illnesses like cancer, heart disease, and age-related retinal degeneration.
- Aids in the body’s ability to assimilate iron from plant-based sources, which is crucial for those who consume only vegetarian or vegan foods.
- Plays a part in tissue regeneration and wound healing
Regulation of mood
- A step in producing neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, which regulates mood and fends off melancholy.
Blood pressure management
- According to studies, vitamin C may reduce blood pressure, especially in those with high blood pressure.
What are the health benefits?
Numerous health advantages of vitamin C exist. Here are a few examples:
- Encourages the creation of white blood cells, aiding the immune system’s defense against infections and disease.
Protects against chronic disease
- It is a potent antioxidant that aids in defending cells against injury from dangerous molecules known as free radicals. This could lower the chance of developing chronic illnesses like cancer, cardiovascular disease, etc.
- According to several studies, people with greater blood levels of vitamin C are less likely to suffer a stroke than those with lower levels. In terms of stroke prevention, it might be effective. It is significant to note that more research is required because the evidence is inconclusive.
Favors the healing of wounds
- Involved in creating assemblages that aid in the recovery of damages.
It makes your skin healthier
Essential for maintaining healthy skin and preventing sun harm, ageing, and other skin issues. It has a significant impact on preserving the skin’s appearance and health. A collagen protein is necessary to maintain the skin’s flexibility and structural integrity. vitamin C ,
- Increases collagen synthesis
- Maintains the skin moisture
- Lessening the visibility of fine lines and wrinkles
- Reduces dark spots and hyperpigmentation.
- It has anti-inflammatory properties that can aid in reducing the body’s inflammation, which is linked to various health issues.
Increases absorption of iron
- Aids in the body’s ability to assimilate iron from plant-based sources, which can be crucial for those who consume only vegetarian or vegan foods. Avoids iron deficiency as a result.
- By enhancing blood vessel function, decreasing inflammation, and lowering blood pressure, vitamin C may help reduce the chance of heart disease. According to one study, those who were supplemented with vitamin C had a lower chance of getting heart disease than those who did not.
Blood uric acid
- Gout is a painful type of arthritis that high blood levels of uric acid can bring on. By increasing uric acid excretion in the urine, vitamin C has been shown to lower blood uric acid levels.
- Vitamin C lowers the chance of oxidative stress and inflammation, which helps prevent gout attacks.
While it may help lower the risk of various diseases, it should not be used as a substitute for medical care, and it is essential to remember. Work with your doctor to create a thorough treatment strategy if you have a heart disease or gout history.
What amount of Vitamin C should I consume?
Depending on variables like age, gender, and other conditions like pregnancy or breastfeeding, different amounts of vitamin C are advised. The following are the suggested dietary allowances for vitamin C:
- The suggested daily intake for children from birth to six months is 40 mg. Infants aged 7 to 12 months should take 50 milligrammes per day.
- It is 15 mg/day for infants ages 1-3 years. The recommended daily intake is 45 milligrams for kids aged 9 to 13 and 25 mg for kids aged 4 to 8.
- The suggested daily intake for male teenagers is 75 mg for those between the ages of 14 and 18. It is 65 milligrams per day for females.
- The suggested dosage for adult men is 90 mg per day if they are 19 years of age or higher. It is 75 mg/day for adult women at least 19 years old.
- During pregnancy and breastfeeding, the recommended dose increases to 85-120 mg/day, depending on the stage of pregnancy or lactation.
What are the good sources of vitamin C ?
Fresh food like fruits and vegetables are widely accepted sources , some of them are:
- Citrus fruits- oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruits
- Berries- strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, blueberries.
- Tropical fruits- kiwi, pineapple, mango, papaya.
- Bell peppers- especially red and yellow peppers
- Brussels sprouts
It’s essential to note that some of these sources lose vitamin C content when cooked, so it’s best to eat them raw or barely cooked. It’s best to eat fruits and veggies as soon as possible after buying them because some may lose vitamin C during storage.
You can easily make sure you are receiving enough of this crucial nutrient by taking vitamin C supplements. They come in various formats, including powders, chewables, chewable tablets, and capsules.
Some common types of vitamin C supplements include
- The most typical style is frequently used to promote immune function.
Vitamin C in a buffer
- People who experience stomach discomfort from regular ascorbic acid may be able to handle this form better because it is less acidic.
- Ascorbic acid alone may not be as well absorbed and kept by the body as this form’s calcium ascorbate and other vitamin C metabolites.
Diseases associated with Vitamin C deficiency
Vitamin C deficiency, also known as scurvy, can cause several health problems.
- Fatigue and weakness
- Muscle and joint pain
- Bruising easily
- Bleeding gums
- Tooth loss
- Swollen, painful joints
- Dry, scaly skin
- Delayed wound healing
- Increased susceptibility to infections
Untreated scurvy has the potential to be deadly. Scurvy is uncommon in industrialized nations, though. Smokers, people with specific malabsorption syndromes, people with limited access to fruits and vegetables, and people with an unbalanced diet are at greater risk of vitamin C deficiency.,
Who are at risk of vitamin C deficiency?
- Smokers-Smoking can reduce the body’s ability to absorb and use vitamin C.
- Unbalanced diet-Individuals who eat a limited range of foods, such as those whose diets are primarily processed or packaged foods and do not include enough fruits and vegetables.
- Older individuals-Fruits and vegetables may be consumed in smaller amounts by older people. Some people might have trouble absorbing nutrition.
- Medical issues-Diseases like Crohn’s disease and celiac disease can make it difficult to absorb or use ascorbic acid.
- Alcoholics-Alcohol can obstruct the body’s ability to absorb and use vitamin C.
Overdose of Vitamin C
Hypervitaminosis C, or vitamin C toxicity, can result from excessive amounts of the vitamin. Based on the person and amount consumed, the symptoms may include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pain
- Kidney stones
- Interference with medical tests
Taking up to 2000 mg of vitamin C daily is generally considered safe for most people, but higher doses may increase the risk of side effects.,
The bottom line
We need vitamin C, which is a crucial nutrient. It has numerous established health advantages.
It is crucial to include it in the diet daily because it can enhance the immune system and perform in general.
Before consuming any supplements, it is essential to follow the proper dosage instructions and consult your doctor if you have any medical conditions.