Exploring the Nutrition and Health Benefits of Durian

Evidence Based Research Based
Medically reviewed by - Dr Lara Mokhtar, MD Written by - Dr. Shilpa R


About Durian

Durian, often called the “King of Fruits,” is a tropical fruit known for its distinctive aroma, prickly exterior, and creamy texture. This fruit, native to Southeast Asia, has garnered worldwide recognition due to its distinct flavor and several health advantages. The scientific name of durian is Durio zibethinus 1Overview| Researched based study from , and it belongs to the Malvaceae family of Hibiscus.2Overview| Researched based study from

This article will explore the nutrition facts, health benefits, selection tips, culinary uses, potential side effects, precautions, and the difference between durian and jackfruit.

Durian, often called the "King of Fruits," is a tropical fruit known for its distinctive aroma, prickly exterior, and creamy texture.


Nutrition Profile of Durian

Durian is not only a delicious fruit but also a nutrient-dense powerhouse. It is a rich source of essential vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber. One cup or 243 grams of raw or frozen, chopped, or diced durian3Nutrition| Researched based study from contains:

  • Water – 158 g
  • Calories – 357 kcal
  • Carbohydrates – 65.9 g (including fiber and sugar)
  • Fiber – 9.23 g
  • Protein – 3.57 g
  • Fat – 13 g


  • Potassium – 1060 mg
  • Phosphorus – 94.8 mg
  • Magnesium – 72.9 mg
  • Calcium – 14.6 mg
  • Sodium – 4.86 mg
  • Iron – 1.04 mg
  • Manganese – 0.79 mg
  • Zinc – 0.68 mg
  • Copper – 0.503 mg


  • Vitamin C – 47.9 mg
  • Niacin – 2.6 mg
  • Pantothenic acid – 0.559 mg
  • Vitamin B6 – 0.768 mg
  • Riboflavin – 0.486 mg
  • Thiamin – 0.909 mg
  • Vitamin A – 107 IU
  • Folate – 87.5 µg
  • Beta Carotene – 55.9 µg
  • Alpha carotene – 14.6 µg

Health benefits

Health benefits of Durian.

Durian Health benefits

Durian fruits have many health benefits, including:

  • Rich in antioxidants
  • Enhances immunity
  • Improves digestive health
  • Reduces cancer risk
  • Promotes heart health
  • Prevents anemia

Rich in Antioxidants

  • Durian contains antioxidants, vitamin C, and various phytonutrients like flavonoids and carotenoids.4Health benefits| Researched based study from
  • These molecules help protect the body from free radical damage, lowering the probability of getting long-term illnesses such as heart disease and cancer.

Enhances immunity

  • Durian is a great way to boost your vitamin C intake.
  • This vital nutrient promotes wound healing, assists collagen formation, and maintains a healthy immune system.5Health benefits| Researched based study from

Improves digestive health

  • Durian has a high fiber content, which improves digestion, regulates bowel motions, and promotes a sensation of fullness, potentially aiding in weight management.6Health benefits| Researched based study from

Reduces cancer risk

  • Research investigations have demonstrated the methanolic extract from D. zibethinus fruits’ anticancer properties.7Health benefits| Researched based study from ,8Health benefits| Researched based study from

Promotes heart health

  • Potassium, a mineral essential to preserving heart health and controlling blood pressure, is present in durian in significant amounts9Health benefits| Researched based study from
  • Many of the compounds found in durian may also aid in the reduction of blood cholesterol and decrease the likelihood of atherosclerosis (artery hardening).10Health benefits| Researched based study from

Prevents anemia

  • Red blood cell synthesis is promoted by folate, copper, and iron, which occur naturally in durian and may help raise the red blood cell count to normal, preventing or reversing anemia. 11Health benefits| Researched based study from


How to choose them?

Selecting a ripe and flavorful durian can be an art. The following tips may help people when choosing this exotic fruit :

  • License – buy durians from licensed sellers who observe good food handling practices.
  • Smell – Durian is well known for its intense aroma. Sniff the fruit base to check for a pleasant, sweet fragrance. Avoid fruits with a strong, unpleasant odor.
  • Appearance – Look for durians with intact, unbroken skin.12Selection| Researched based study from The spikes should be firm and evenly spaced. Avoid fruits with visible mold or damp spots.
  • Freshness – Durians harvested recently have green or lighter-colored stems, but those collected previously have darker stems owing to enzymatic browning.
  • Sound – Gently shake the durian. If you hear a slight shaking sound, it indicates that the fruit is ripe and the flesh inside is creamy and custard-like.


Culinary uses

Durian’s distinct flavor makes it a versatile ingredient in various culinary dishes, and it can be enjoyed fresh, frozen, or in sweet and savory dishes. Some popular culinary uses of durian may include the following:

  • Fresh Consumption – Many durian aficionados prefer to savor the fruit in its natural state simply by scooping out the flesh and enjoying its rich texture.
  • Desserts – Durian is frequently used to lend a distinct and rich flavor to desserts like ice cream, cakes, pastries, and puddings.
  • Smoothies and Shakes – To make a creamy and nutrient-rich smoothie or shake, combine ripe durian with coconut milk or your preferred fruit.
  • Savory foods – Durian is used in savory foods such as curries, soups, and stir-fries in Southeast Asian cuisines. Its distinct flavor enhances the depth and richness of these recipes.

Vs Jackfruit

Durian vs. Jackfruit

Durian and jackfruit are often mistaken for one another due to their similar appearance, but they are different fruits with contrasting flavors and characteristics.

A few critical differences between durian and jackfruit may include the:

  • Appearance – Durian has a spiky, thorny exterior, while jackfruit has bumpy, greenish-yellow skin.
  • Size – Durian is typically smaller than jackfruit, ranging from 2-7 pounds, whereas jackfruit can weigh up to 80 pounds.
  • Flavor and Aroma – Durian is renowned for its pungent odor and rich, custard-like flesh with a sweet, creamy, and slightly savory taste. On the other hand, Jackfruit has a milder aroma and a sweet, tropical flavor similar to a combination of pineapple and banana.13Vs jackfruit| Researched based study from
  • Culinary Uses – Durian is primarily consumed as a fruit or in sweet desserts. Jackfruit is more commonly used in both sweet and savory dishes, and its unripe flesh can be cooked as a vegetable meat substitute due to its meaty texture.

Side effects

Durian Side effects

While durian offers an array of health benefits, it is essential to be aware of potential side effects:

  • Itching
  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Abnormal heart rhythms
  • Swelling of the face
  • Swelling of tongue, lips, throat
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Swallowing difficulty
  • Abdominal pain
  • Muscle weakness 14Side effects| Researched based study from



  • High potassium content – People with kidney illness should consume durian in moderation because it contains a lot of potassium and might cause life-threatening hyperkalemia.15Precautions| Researched based study from
  • Durian allergies – Some people are allergic to durian. Seek medical care immediately if you have signs such as itching, swelling, or breathing problems after consuming durian.
  • High Caloric Content – Durian is relatively high in calories and carbohydrates, and individuals watching their calorie or carbohydrate intake should consume it in moderation to maintain a balanced diet.
  • The strong aroma – The pungent odor of durian turns some people off. Avoid consuming durian in confined spaces or areas where the smell may cause discomfort to others.
  • Alcohol – Durian includes chemicals that may inhibit the complete metabolization of alcohol, resulting in symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.

Bottom line

The Bottom Line

Durian, the King of Fruits, offers a unique sensory experience with its intense aroma and rich, creamy flesh. Aside from its unusual flavor, durian has various health advantages, including being high in minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants. Whether you enjoy fresh durian in desserts or as a savory ingredient, this tropical fruit is a delightful addition to your culinary adventures. With all that said, a diet should be higher in a range of nutrient-dense foods than one focusing on a single ingredient.

Disclaimer: The user acknowledges that this article's information is being offered for informational purposes only. Every attempt has been made to guarantee that the article is informational and correct. If they have any doubts or questions about their health, we firmly advise our readers to visit a doctor or other healthcare professional.

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