Frequently Asked Questions
Based on their shared traits, different types of personality disorders can be grouped into three clusters:
- Cluster A – Eccentric or Odd behavior.
- Cluster B – Erratic, Dramatic, or Emotional behavior.
- Cluster C – Fearful or Anxious behavior.
Each personality disorder has its specific symptoms, but some general signs may include:
- Distorted thinking patterns and beliefs.
- Difficulty with relationships.
- Poor self-image and self-identity.
- Emotional instability or detachment.
- Impulsive or self-destructive behaviors.
- Inflexible and maladaptive coping mechanisms.
Genes: Evidence suggests that certain personality traits and vulnerabilities may be heritable. People with a family member with personality disorders or other mental health conditions may have a higher chance of developing a personality disorder.
Neurobiology: Abnormalities in brain structure and functioning have been associated with certain personality disorders.
- Childhood trauma – Physical, sexual, or emotional abuse, neglect, or early loss of a significant caregiver can contribute to developing personality disorders.
Some common risk factors associated with personality disorders may include:
- Personality and Temperament – Some personalities and temperamental traits may make people more likely to acquire certain types of personality disorders.
- Co-occurring Mental Health Conditions – Mood disorders like depression, anxiety disorders, and substance use disorders frequently coexist with personality disorders in people making it more difficult to diagnose and treat personality disorders.
- Cultural and Societal Factors – Cultural and societal influences can impact the expression and manifestation of personality disorders.