Frequently Asked Questions
- The primary sign of Hyperdontia is the occurrence of an additional tooth or teeth.
- Although they are typically not painful, the extra teeth may strain the jaw and gums, causing swelling and pain.
- Teeth might appear crooked due to the presence of extra teeth.
Although the exact cause of hyperdontia is unknown, it is thought to have various causes. They are primarily associated with syndromes, and a few of them may include:
- Cleidocranial dysplasia is an uncommon genetic condition resulting in unusual bone growth around the collarbone and skull.
- Cleft lip or/and cleft palate – happens when a baby’s lips or/and roof of the mouth do not develop properly in the womb.
- Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome may have hair, skin, teeth, bones, and joint abnormalities.
- Gardner syndrome – Besides the increasing danger of colon cancer, this uncommon condition also causes harmless growth in many places.
- Fabry disease – Alpha-galactosidase A deficiency is the main cause of this condition, which can impair the skin, teeth, brain, and neurological system.
Since it is primarily genetic, it cannot be prevented
- However, if hyperdontia is caught early and sometimes removed, issues from the extra teeth can be avoided.
- Undoubtedly, identifying problems early allows us to manage the patient correctly. It also helps us make wise decisions about the patient’s long-term care and therapies.
- Supernumerary teeth may play a vital role in a specific genetic disorder and serve as a crucial early diagnostic indicator.
The following are the consequences of supernumerary teeth :
- When found in an incorrect location, it can hinder the natural eruption of newly formed teeth.
- Teeth that are crowded together in one area and appear crooked.
- Sometimes, the extra tooth or teeth may press the surrounding structures, causing pain. Example – cheek or tongue.
- Abnormal gaps between the teeth if extra teeth are impacted.
- Gum infections are called gingivitis as they cannot be adequately cleaned by brushing or flossing.
- Delayed permanent tooth emergence.