BronchitisBronchitis : A General Overview
Frequently Asked Questions
Bronchitis is a disorder that appears when the airways of the lungs get irritated. A person coughs because of irritation, swelling and mucus production that occurs when the airways become inflamed.
Acute bronchitis can be caused by:
- Viruses such as the influenza virus that causes the flu, the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), the adenovirus, the rhinovirus that causes the common cold, and COVID-19.
- Acute bronchitis can occasionally be brought on by bacterial infection.
Chronic bronchitis may result from:
- Using marijuana or cigarettes.
- Ongoing inflammation of the tissue in the airways.
- Prolonged exposure to the environment’s toxins, dust, and air pollution.
- Genetic influences.
- Frequently occurring acute bronchitis bouts.
Bronchitis symptoms might include:
- Coughing up mucous or not
- Mucus or sputum output – clear, yellow, white, or green.
- Chest congestion, a feeling of being overstuffed or choked in the chest.
- Exhaling with a whistling or wheezing sound.
- Breathlessness or difficulty breathing.
- A runny or congested nose.
- General tiredness.
- Chest ache.
Bronchitis complications may include:
- Subsequent infections such as pneumonia, sinus infections, middle ear infections, etc.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
- Acute bronchitis flare-ups in chronic bronchitis patients.
- Hemoptysis, or coughing up blood.
- Respiratory failure.