All About Exercise : Types, Benefits and Risk
In today’s fast-paced and sedentary lifestyle, neglecting our physical well-being is easy. But maintaining excellent health and general well-being requires regular physical activity. Exercise offers a plethora of benefits, both to physical and mental health including lowering a person’s likelihood of chronic diseases, elevating mood and boosting energy levels. In this article, we will explore the types of exercise, their numerous health benefits, the risks of a sedentary life, everyday exercise, and tips to make exercising a routine.
Types of Exercise
There are various types of exercises one could do, including:
- Strength training
- Also known as resistance training, it can involve lifting weights, one’s body weight, utilizing resistance bands, etc., and strengthening muscles
- Maintaining strong muscles helps improve balance, reduce the risk of falling, and lessen the harm caused by falls.
- Also known as aerobic exercise, it is good for the heart, lungs, and circulatory system.
- These activities support people in maintaining their health and fitness as well as completing the daily duties they must complete
- Examples include dance, jogging, brisk walking, swimming, tennis, biking, etc
- Balance exercises prevent falls, a prevalent issue among older persons, and can have detrimental effects.
- Numerous lower-body strengthening activities will also help you balance better.
- Yoga, Pilates, Tai chi, are examples
- Flexibility can be increased through stretching and is essential for avoiding injuries and may include lunges, ankle stretches, back stretches, etc.
- The muscles can better prepare for workout by stretching before working out.
- Stretching after an exercise is known to be even more important for preventing injuries.
Health benefits of Exercise
The importance of exercising regularly can be explained by its numerous health benefits, including:
- Manages weight
- Reduces pain
- Increases energy and stamina
- Improves sleep quality
- Boosts mental health
- Improves skin health
- Prevents diseases
- Improves bone health
- Promotes heart health
- Relieves stress
- Promotes sex life
- Improves brain function
- Increases longevity
- Maintaining a nutritious diet and practicing regular physical exercise is essential to manage weight
- Exercise contributes to maintaining a healthy weight by helping the body burn calories and develop muscle.
- People with chronic pain can benefit from regular exercise by feeling less pain and having better physical function
Increases energy and stamina
- Regular exercise improves endurance and stamina and gives people more energy naturally.
- It enhances the flow of oxygen and nutrients to tissues, easing daily chores and reducing tiredness
Improves sleep quality
- By lowering stress and anxiety levels, exercise can enhance sleep quality.
- It controls the sleep-wake cycle, fostering peaceful, restorative sleep
Boosts mental health
- Exercise can help the body produce chemicals that can lift people’s mood and help them feel more at peace which can lessen the likelihood of developing depression and help people cope with stress
- Additionally, exercise enhances cognitive performance and raises self-esteem.
Improves skin health
- Exercise can increase blood flow to the skin and aid in removing pollutants, giving your skin a healthy, youthful appearance.
- It also controls stress and sleep patterns, which are crucial for maintaining healthy skin
Prevents chronic diseases
- Regular exercise reduces the chance of developing a number of chronic conditions, including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and high cholesterol
Improves bone health
- In older adults, weight-bearing workouts like walking, running, and resistance training assist in building bones and lower the risk of osteoporosis and fractures
Promotes heart health
- Regular exercise helps improve cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure, and strengthen heart muscles, which lowers the risk of coronary heart disease and heart attacks
- Regular exercise can boost mood and promote relaxation by reducing stress and activating the feel-good hormones known as endorphins
Promotes sex life
- In both men and women, regular exercise can increase sexual desire, performance, and function.
- It can also aid in lowering the risk of erectile dysfunction in men ,
Improves brain function
- Exercise improves the function of the brain by raising blood flow to the brain and stimulating the creation of new neurons.
- It has also been connected to a lower chance of cognitive deterioration and age-related neurodegenerative illnesses like Alzheimer’s
- Numerous studies have found a link between regular exercise and a longer lifespan.
- Physical activity can lengthen your lifespan by avoiding long term diseases and preserving overall health
Risks of a sedentary life
Following health issues are at an increased risk with a sedentary lifestyle :
- Heart diseases
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol
- Low bone density
- Muscular wasting
Additionally, it raises the possibility of dying young from any cause, including the problems associated with obesity and being overweight.
Exercises to do every day
Daily physical exercise is a wonderful way to maintain optimal health and well-being.
The following are simple workouts that can be included in a person’s daily life :
- Cardiovascular exercise – Brisk walking, jogging, and cycling.
- Strength training exercises – Squats, push-ups.
- Stretching exercises – Lunges, back stretches, cats and camels.
- Balance workouts – yoga and Pilates also promote relaxation.
Remember, consistency is the key to daily exercises, so find activities you enjoy and make them a part of your everyday routine.
How much exercise per day is required?
The American heart association (AHA) recommends the following:
- Seventy-five minutes of vigorous aerobic activity, a total of one hundred and fifty minutes of moderate cardiovascular activity, or a mix of the two, spread out over the duration of the week
- Spend less time sitting down.
- Children age 3 to 5 ought to be physically active and have lots of chances to move around during the day.
- Children aged 6 to 17 should engage in at least 60 minutes of aerobic activity each day, primarily at a moderate to vigorous intensity.
However, the level of activity that is needed might differ from person to person, so it is best to speak with a doctor before beginning any rigorous exercise regimens.
Tips to make Exercise a part of your routine
Here is some valuable information to help you make exercise a consistent habit:
- Start with small steps – to avoid overwhelming yourself and as your stamina improves, steadily increase the intensity and length.
- Discover enjoyable activities that align with your interests and preferences to make it easier to stay motivated, like cycling, swimming, or dancing.
- Schedule exercise time – solely dedicated to exercise and treat these slots as necessary appointments by sticking to them.
- Choose convenience – Choose a fitness facility or create a workout space at home that is easily accessible even when the weather is terrible. Remove any barriers or excuses that might hinder your commitment.
- For accountability – by finding a workout partner or join a fitness club. Working out with others can provide encouragement, support, and friendly competition.
- Track your progress – by keeping a log of your workouts and accomplishments as it will help you to see your development, stay inspired, and make necessary modifications.
- Embrace variety – by incorporating different exercises into your routine to prevent monotony and engage various muscle groups.
- Be gentle on yourself – even if you miss a workout or experience setbacks. Instead, focus on the overall consistency and the positive changes exercise brings.
- Prioritize recovery – by allowing your body some time to rest and recover. Including activities like stretching or yoga can improve flexibility and prevent injuries.
- Celebrate achievements – Acknowledge and celebrate the advantages of regular exercise, such as improved energy, enhanced mood, better sleep, and enhanced physical fitness.
The Bottom Line
Exercise is not just a luxury or an optional activity but an essential part of a healthy lifestyle. The numerous benefits of regular physical activity extend beyond physical fitness to encompass mental well-being, disease prevention, and overall longevity. Incorporating exercise into our daily routines can enhance our quality of life and reduce the risk of chronic diseases. However, it’s important to remember that the best exercise is the one you enjoy and can sustain over the long term.