Stress: Effects, Causes, and Management

Evidence Based Research Based
Medically reviewed by - Dr Qudsiya Raiees, MD Written by - Dr. Diksha Sangle


About Stress

People react physiologically and psychologically to complex or demanding situations by experiencing stress. Stress is our body’s automatic and adapted response to environmental threats and difficulties.

This article explores the complex interactions between our reactions as it explores the many facets of stress. We look at the various stressors in the article, both internal and external, that can cause these reactions. By exploring research-based stress management practices, we highlight the importance of helping people deal with stress healthily and productively.

People react physiologically and psychologically to complex or demanding situations by experiencing stress. Stress is our body's automatic and adapted response to environmental threats and difficulties.


Symptoms of Stress.

Symptoms of Stress

There are many ways that stress can appear, impacting people both physically and mentally. Moderate to severe anxiety symptoms are possible, but some are common.

Physical symptoms

  • Migraine or a headache
  • Weariness or fatigue due to muscle tightness
  • Changes in appetite that cause overeating or a loss of appetite
  • Sleep disturbances like insomnia or restless sleep
  • Digestive issues like an upset stomach or constipation
  • Sweating excessively
  • Experiencing a rapid heartbeat or palpitations
  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
  • Weak immune system causing a lot of illnesses

Behavioral and emotional stress symptoms

  • Excessive concern or anxiety, impatience, and mood swings
  • Feeling overburdened or helpless
  • Having trouble focusing or making decisions
  • Issues with memory or forgetfulness
  • Changes in social behavior, such as a lack of interest in social activities or restlessness;
  • The use of drugs, alcohol, or tobacco as a coping mechanism to lessen symptoms
  • Nail biting, pacing, or other anxious behaviors
  • Passionate outburst or heightened sensitivity to judgment

Cognitive symptoms

  • Continual unpleasant thoughts or racing thoughts
  • Failure to concentrate or pay attention to tasks
  • Persistent trouble relaxing, constant worry about the past or potential future occurrences

Interactions between people

  • Relationship issues or more fights with friends, family, or coworkers
  • Difficulty expressing feelings or speaking effectively
  • A sense of separation or loneliness from others

It’s crucial to understand that stress has varied effects on different people and that not everyone will experience all of these symptoms. Consider the circumstances in which these symptoms occur because they can be linked to other illnesses.1Symptoms| Researched based study from ,2Symptoms| Researched based study from


Effects of Stress on the body

Long-term or persistent stress can profoundly affect the body because it constantly engages the stress response mechanisms. The body’s natural balance can be upset by prolonged exposure to stress hormones like cortisol and adrenaline, resulting in various physical and mental health problems. Some of them consist of:

Cardiovascular conditions

  • Chronic stress can increase the risk of heart disease, heart attacks, and stroke by causing high blood pressure, an accelerated heart rate, and blood vessel inflammation.

Weakened immune system

  • Stress over a long period of time can impair the immune system, making the body more prone to illnesses, infections, and sluggish healing.

Digestive issues

  • Stress can cause stomach ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, or an aggravation of an already present digestive issue.

Weight gain or loss

  • It can alter eating habits and appetite, causing weight gain or reduction.


  • Chronic pain can worsen already painful conditions, like migraines and back pain.

Difficulties with mental health

  • It is linked to a higher chance of experiencing problems like depression, anxiety disorders, and burnout.

Mental deterioration

  • It might negatively affect one’s memory, focus, and decision-making capacity.

Skin problems

  • It can make acne, psoriasis, and other skin disorders worse.

Reproduction problems

  • Chronic stress can alter reproductive hormones in both men and women, causing irregular menstruation.


  • Aging may be accelerated at a cellular level by issues with fertility and erectile dysfunction, resulting in premature aging.1Effects| Researched based study from ,2Effects| Researched based study from


Causes of Stress

Numerous things—commonly referred to as stressors—can lead to stress. Depending on each person’s unique experience, these can be internal or external. Some of them include

Pressure at work

  • Significant stress can be brought on by workplace pressure, strict deadlines, an excessive workload, a lack of control over tasks, and disagreements with coworkers or superiors.

Relationship stress

  • Issues in personal relationships, such as disputes with family members, romantic partners, or friends, can exacerbate financial stress.

Financial Stress

  • Economic challenges,such as being unemployed or not fulfilling financial commitments

Crucial life events

  • Moving to a new city, getting married, having a kid, getting divorced, or losing a loved one are all examples of significant life changes.

Academic stress

  • Exam preparation, academic pressure, and worry over falling short of expectations.

Long-term conditions

  • Anxiety and tension can be caused by chronic diseases, accidents, or medical disorders. Accidents, or health issues can bring on anxiety and tension.

Environmental stress

  • Factors can include crowded living conditions or exposure to natural disasters.

Social stress

  • Can result from experiencing exclusion, prejudice, or feeling under constant time pressure. Being hurried or needing more time to complete a task can be stressful.

Information and technology overload

  • Constant connectivity and information overload can cause stress and a sense of being overloaded with uncertainty and unpredictability.


  • Setting unattainable goals for excellence in all areas of life is called perfectionism.3Causes| Researched based study from ,4Causes| Researched based study from ,5Causes| Researched based study from


How to Manage Stress?

Here are some strategies for managing stress that you can use on a regular basis. Effective stress management practices can aid people in overcoming the negative effects of stress and improving their general wellbeing.

Meditation and mindfulness

  • Being present and judgment-free in the present is a component of mindfulness. Focused breathing and body scan are meditation techniques that can alleviate stress and quiet the mind.


  • Regular physical exercise, whatever the activity, whether it’s a fast walk, yoga, or something else. The body’s organic chemicals elevate mood.

Deep breathing

  • It causes the relaxation response in the body, which reduces tension and promotes a calm state of mind.

Management of time

  • To feel in control and less overwhelmed, organize your tasks and give them a priority order.

Social support

  • Talking to friends, relatives, or a support group can make you feel better emotionally and can also be an excellent way to share your thoughts and experiences.

Eating well

  • Maintain a healthy diet rich in lean proteins, whole grains, and various fruits, vegetables, and other healthy foods.

Get adequate sleep

  • Prioritize Limiting coffee and alcohol consumption and obtaining sufficient restful sleep, which is necessary for both physical and mental health and can aid in the body’s ability to recover from stress.

Limit alcohol and caffeine

  • Alcohol and caffeine abuse can both increase stress and interfere with sleep.

Set boundaries

  • To prevent over-committing yourself and putting too much stress on yourself, learn to say no when necessary and set limits.

Practice thankfulness

  • Engaging in hobbies such as reading, gardening, or music can be a healthy distraction from tension. Keeping a gratitude notebook or consistently praising the good things in your life might help you do this.

Progressively relaxing the muscles

  • This technique involves tensing and releasing various muscle groups to relieve physical tension and encourage relaxation.

Professional help

  • If daily life becomes too much for you, consider getting treatment from a mental health professional.

Reduce screen time.

  • This can reduce information overload and encourage relaxation.

Uncovering what resonates with you and making stress management a regular part of your lifestyle is essential to maintain a healthy and more balanced existence. Keep in mind that stress management is a personal journey and that some people may respond better to certain tactics than others.6Management| Researched based study from ,7Management| Researched based study from

Disclaimer: The user acknowledges that this article's information is being offered for informational purposes only. Every attempt has been made to guarantee that the article is informational and correct. If they have any doubts or questions about their health, we firmly advise our readers to visit a doctor or other healthcare professional.

Related Articles

subscribe drcure
subscribe drcure
Thanks for subscribing
Look out for our email. Follow our social pages