Vitamin B2 and it’s significance
Vitamin B2 or Riboflavin
Water-soluble vitamin B2, Riboflavin, is essential to support the body’s general health. It is a member of the B-complex vitamin family and is necessary for the efficient production of energy, metabolism, development, and many bodily functions.
Role in the body
Production of energy
- The body’s ability to produce energy depends on vitamin B2. It aids in transforming proteins, carbohydrates, and fats into helpful energy.
Cellular development and growth
- It is essential for the growth and development of all body cells, including red blood cells.
- In the body, riboflavin functions as an antioxidant to help shield cells from damage from free radicals.
- Vitamin B2 improving health of eye and Vision and reduces the risk of glaucoma and cataract.
- Riboflavin (B2) antioxidant properties are good for healthy skin, hair, and nails
Nervous system function
- Neurotransmitters, which are necessary for healthy nervous system function, are produced due to nervous system activity.
- Required for the synthesis of certain hormones, including adrenal hormones.
Additional health benefits
- According to several research, Riboflavin may prevent migraines or lessen their frequency and intensity.
Red blood cell production
- Necessary for creating red blood cells and may aid in preventing anaemia.
- Support for metabolism has a role in various bodily metabolic processes and may assist in promoting a healthy metabolism and weight management.
Dietary sources of riboflavin
- Riboflavin is abundant in dairy products such as milk, cheese, and yoghurt.
- Like beef, hog, and lamb, organ meats like liver and kidney are rich in vitamin B2.
- Chicken and turkey are excellent sources of seafood and fish
- Riboflavin is abundant in tuna, salmon, mackerel, and shellfish like oysters and clams.
- The yolk of an egg is a good source
Green leafy vegetables
- Excellent sources include collard greens, spinach, and kale.
- Brown rice, quinoa, and whole wheat are good sources.
Nuts and seeds
- Almonds, peanuts, and sunflower seeds are rich in vitamin B2.
- Many portions of cereal are fortified with Riboflavin.
Who is at risk of vitamin B2 deficiency?
Inadequate dietary intake, not getting enough of the foods such as dairy, meat, green vegetables, and grains high in vitamin B2.
- The absorption of nutrients can be hampered by several medical diseases, including Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, and inflammatory bowel disease.
- Alcohol can obstruct Riboflavin’s absorption and use, resulting in a deficit.
- Intense physical activity, pregnancy, and nursing can all raise the body’s demand and cause a shortage.
- Some genetic conditions, such as Brown-Vialetto-Van LAere syndrome and riboflavin transporter insufficiency, might impair the body’s capacity to absorb and utilise vitamin B2.
Symptoms of B2 deficiency
- Cracked lips and corners of the mouth
- Red, sore or swollen tongue
- Mouth sores
- Burning or itching eyes
- Skin rashes
- Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet.
Diseases associated with vitamin B2 deficiency
- Dermatitis, skin rash, and pain around the mouth and nose can all be brought on by a vitamin B2 deficiency.
- A lack of Riboflavin can cause cataracts, photophobia (light sensitivity), and other eye conditions like blurred vision.
- Anemia is a disorder when the body doesn’t create enough red blood cells to carry oxygen. It can result from this.
Throat and mouth issues
- Lips, tongue, and throat pain and swelling can result from riboflavin insufficiency.
- There are digestive issues such as diarrhoea, appetite loss, and stomach pain.
Nervous system disorders
- Nervous system problems can impact memory and focus, including tingling, burning, and numbness in the hands and feet.
Daily Requirement of Vitamin B2
- Infants 0-6 months: 0.3 mg/day.
- Infants 7-12 months: 0.4 mg/day
- Children 1-3 years: 0.5 mg/day
- Children 4-8 years: 0.6 mg/day
- Children 9-13 years: 0.9 mg/day
- Teenagers 14-18 years: 1.0 mg/day for males and 0.9 mg/day for females
- Adults 19 years and older: 1.3 mg/day for males and 1.1 mg/day for females.
Overdose of B2
- Since Riboflavin is a water-soluble vitamin, any excess consumption will likely be eliminated in urine and won’t likely result in toxicity or overdose.
- However, a few individuals could have minor side effects like diarrhea, Light sensitivity or bright yellow urine. When the intake is decreased, these adverse effects usually subside without damage.
- Rarely, some people may be allergic to vitamin B2 pills and show signs like rash, itching, or breathing problems.
Interactions of Vitamin B2 with medicines
Interactions of VItamin B2 with medicines
- Vitamin B2 may reduce the effectiveness of tricyclic antidepressants by speeding up their metabolism in liver.
- Tetracycline’s absorption and efficacy are hampered by riboflavin. As a result, it is not recommended to drink both at once.
- The body’s levels of Riboflavin may be decreased by prolonged usage of oral contraceptives.
- Increases riboflavin excretion and decreases its absorption from the gut.
- These drugs may prevent the body from absorbing riboflavin. They are used to treat a range of diseases, such as gastrointestinal spasms, asthma, depression, and motion sickness.
- Riboflavin levels may drop as a result of chemotherapy medications.
- Vitamin B2 has been proven to have potential health benefits for preventing and treating some medical conditions.
- It plays a key role in energy production, growth, and development.
- Riboflavin is generally safe and well-tolerated.