Frequently Asked Questions
Menstrual cramps are lower abdominal pains radiating to the lower back, hips, or thighs. Women typically experience it during or right before their periods.
Menstrual cramps in an individual may show the following symptoms:
Causes of primary dysmenorrhea
- Menstrual cramps often occur when the uterus tightens due to a prostaglandin chemical.
- If the uterus contracts excessively, the blood supply to the muscle tissue may be reduced.
- A muscle feels pain when its oxygen supply is interrupted for a brief time.
- Some women experience more significant pain during their periods than others, possibly due to more muscular contractions due to a buildup of prostaglandins in their bodies.
Menstrual cramps cannot be prevented, but by taking a few simple precautions, one can lessen their severity:
- Consuming a healthy, balanced diet.
- Consistent exercise.
- Upkeep a healthy weight.
- Give up smoking.
- Abstain from alcohol.
- Using breathing and mindfulness exercises.
While menstrual cramps do not typically result in other medical issues, they can
- Interfere with social, professional, or academic activities.
- Significantly reduce the quality of life.
Menstrual cramps can be complicated by specific disorders, such as
- Fertility issues may result from endometriosis.
- Periods could get heavier and last longer.
- Sexual intercourse can be painful.