Bacterial VaginosisBacterial Vaginosis: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention
Frequently Asked Questions
An overabundance of bacteria in the vagina brings on a prevalent vaginal infection called bacterial vaginosis. Although it is not a sexually transmitted illness, sexually active women are more likely to contract it.
While the exact cause of bacterial vaginosis is unknown, some of the contributing elements are as follows:
- Vaginal bacterial imbalance-When the ratio of good to bad bacteria in the vagina is upset, harmful bacteria can grow and cause bacterial vaginosis.
- Sexual activity-Bacterial vaginosis is more common in sexually active women. Your risk of developing an infection can rise with frequent sexual partners or unprotected sex.
- Antibiotics-Antibiotics can eliminate good bacteria in the vagina, which can cause an increase in harmful bacteria.
- Hormonal changes-The vagina’s pH equilibrium can be altered by hormonal changes, such as during menstruation or pregnancy, which can lead to bacterial vaginosis.
- Smoking-It may compromise immunity and raise the risk.
Although BV symptoms can differ from person to person, the following are the most typical signs:
- Although a thin, whitish or grey discharge is frequently present, the following symptoms are more typical.
- Some women report itching, burning, or pain in the vagina or the area around the vulva.
- Strong, fishy odours are frequently detected in the vagina, particularly after sex.
- Burning or discomfort during urination is a common complaint among women.
- Vaginal irritation: Some women report vulvar or vaginal redness or puffiness.
There are some steps you can take to lower your risk, though there is no guaranteed approach to prevent bacterial vaginosis:
- Maintain proper sanitation
- Practice safe sex
- Avoid smoking
- Manage stress