Brain CancerBrain cancer : Types, Treatment, and Prevention
Frequently Asked Questions
Based on the size and location of the cancerous tissue in the brain, various symptoms could be seen and may include:
- A severe and ongoing headache
- An increase in head pressure
- Prolonged nauseous and vomiting episodes
- Fits or seizures
- Issues with hearing
- An increase in hunger
- Loss of balance
- Losing memory
What specifically causes brain cancer that begins in the brain cells is not known. However, secondary brain cancer is frequently brought on by cancer that has spread from other places of the body to the brain, such as:
- Breast cancer
- Lung cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Skin cancer
According to research, the following risk factors have been linked to brain cancer:
Age, Gender, Exposure to radiations, Heredity, Weak Immunity, Infections, Injuries.
The kind, stage, location, size, age, and overall health of the patient may determine the course of treatment for brain cancer:
- Corticosteroids and anti-seizure medications – treat symptoms like headaches, neurological problems, and seizures.
- Surgery – is the most preferred treatment for brain tumors. Removing it whole or in parts might be possible depending on the tumor’s position and size.
- Chemotherapy – can be given through veins or mouth and can kill brain cancer cells and reduce the tumor.
- Radiotherapy uses powerful radiation, such as X-rays, to destroy cancer cells resistant to surgical removal.
- Combination therapy – simultaneous administration of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
- Biological drugs – restore, strengthen, or direct the body’s natural defenses against cancer—for instance, immunotherapy.
Although brain cancer cannot be prevented, there are ways to lower a person’s risk of getting one, as follows :
- Do not smoke.
- Limit exposure to radiation if possible.
- Stay away from pesticides, chemicals, and insecticides.
- People with persistent symptoms of frequent headaches should not delay their visits to a doctor.
- People with a family history of brain cancer or tumor should obtain genetic counseling to determine if they have an inherited genetic condition linked to brain tumors.