Frequently Asked Questions
Hepatitis C is an illness resulting from the intrusion and proliferation of viruses, triggering the body’s innate immune response to combat the infection and causing harm or injury to the liver.
There are two types: acute or chronic infection
Acute hepatitis C
- It is a transient infection. Symptoms might linger for up to 6 months. Sometimes the body may fight against the infection and the virus disappears. However, for the majority of people, an acute infection leads to a chronic infection.
Chronic hepatitis C
- It is a persistent infection. If not treated, it can continue throughout a person’s life and cause major health concerns such as damage to the liver, liver scarring, carcinoma of the liver, and in some cases death.
Hepatitis C can emerge when HCV-infected blood enters the body of a healthy individual. Contact with an infected person occurs due to the following:
- Exchanging needles to inject drugs or other drug-related things with an infected individual.
- Receiving a stick from a needle used on an infected individual.
- Getting tattoos or piercings with equipment and inks that are neither sterilized nor free from viruses and other microorganisms, and these have been previously used on individuals who have already contracted the infection.
- Being born to a hepatitis C-positive mother.
- Engaging in unprotected sexual activity with an infected person.
Symptoms of HCV infection may include the following:
- Pain experienced in the upper right part of the abdomen
- A change in the color of stools to pale or clay-like
- Darkening of urine
- Lack of energy
- Elevated body temperature
- Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes
- Fruits & vegetables
- Fat & oil
- Fluid intake
- The use of clean and sterile injecting equipment is always recommended to prevent the spread of infections.
- Additionally, personal items that can cause bleeding should not be shared to avoid the risk of infection transmission.
- It is recommended to wear disposable gloves whenever possible when administering first aid or handling tasks involving the cleanup of blood or bodily fluids.
- When engaging in body piercing or electrolysis, one should make sure that any instrument that penetrates the skin has either been used only once or has undergone thorough cleaning and sterilization since its last use.