Frequently Asked Questions
viral infection called hepatitis B that damages the liver can result in chronic and acute infections. It is brought on by the virus known as hepatitis B (HBV), which can be spread by getting into touch with an infected person’s blood or other bodily fluids.
Some individuals, particularly small kids, do not display any symptoms. However, other infected individuals may exhibit the following symptoms:
- Appetite loss
- Abdominal pain
- Pale stool
- Dark urine
- It is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV) which belongs to the family Hepadnaviridae.
- The virus is extremely contagious and has a seven-day survival time outside the body.
Several complications from a hepatitis B infection may include:
- Cirrhosis of the liver – characterized by liver tissue scarring and diminished liver function, can be brought on by persistent inflammation and liver injury.
- Liver cancer – Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common type of primary liver cancer, strongly associated with chronic hepatitis B infection.
- Liver failure – Rarely, acute hepatitis B can lead to liver failure if the liver suffers severe damage and stops functioning. End-stage liver disease is another name for liver failure.
The following measures effectively decrease hepatitis B virus spread :
- Vaccination – The best strategy to prevent hepatitis B in newborns, children, and adults is the hepatitis B vaccine. Depending on the vaccination used, it is given in three or four doses.
- Safe Injection Practices – Healthcare settings should adhere to strict infection control measures, including sterile equipment and safe injection practices to prevent the transmission of HBV.
- Safe Sexual Practices – Limiting the number of sexual partners and using condoms can help reduce the risk of HBV transmission.
- Not Sharing Personal Items – Avoid sharing personal items such as razors, or toothbrushes, which may come into contact with blood or bodily fluids.